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Archive for November, 2010

World War 1, plastic surgery
Dr Gillies: World War I plastic surgery

Plastic Surgery Born Out Of War

The first reconstructive procedure dates back to 800 BC, with skin grafts in India. There wasn’t any consistent progress in plastic surgery until World War I. During World War I, physicians were treating many extensive facial and head injuries, including shattered jaws, blown-off noses and lips and gaping skull wounds caused by modern weapons. These injuries required innovative restorative procedures. Plastic Surgery as a specialty was born out of World War I. War has been the driving force behind most plastic surgery developments and plastic surgery continues to see advancements from the war in Iraq and Afghanistan. Plastic surgeons now face the challenges created by today’s weaponry and as a result there are advances in facial reconstruction. As weapons change, injuries will change and advancements in plastic surgery will continue to accelerated during wartime.

Plastic surgery is a specialty that, unfortunately, always makes significant advances in wartime

war, plastic surgery
Walter Yeo is a WWI soldier that was wounded in 1916 while manning guns aboard a Warship. He suffered the loss of both his upper and lower eyelids. He is considered one of the first plastic surgery patients, treated by Sir Harold Gilles in 1917.

Cosmetic Surgery for Military Dependents and Soldiers

Military plastic surgeons are allowed to perform cosmetic surgery so they can maintain their skills. When Plastic surgeons get out of the military they need to be able to perform cosmetic as well as reconstructive surgery to be competitive with civilian plastic surgeons. Allowing plastic surgeons to maintain their cosmetic skills also encourages them to enter the military. Plastic surgeons are needed in the military to perform reconstruction of many injuries that are sustained from war and accidents. Some military personnel and their dependents are able to have cosmetic procedures performed at teaching hospitals at a substantially reduced cost, because residents at teaching hospitals must meet their national training standards. Military Doctors in residency training to be Plastic Surgeons must complete a certain case load in cosmetic surgery including cosmetic procedures such as breast implant cases to graduate their training programs. There is typcially a waiting list for cosmetic surgery at military hospitals, reconstructive and other more needed surgeries take priority. The waiting list for cosmetic surgery at a teaching hospital can be booked out 2 – 3 years, and there are many that never receive any cosmetic surgery .

Plastic Surgery Is A Growing Trend In Iraq

Interest in plastic surgery began to grow in Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein. This is due in part to the return of surgeons who had previously fled Iraq. Another factor is exposure to pop culture through the availability of international satellite television. In the past, people in Iraq were isolated from pop culture.
One of Baghdad’s plastic surgeons averages about 20 cosmetic surgeries a week. The majority of the plastic surgeries in Iraq are reconstructive, treating injuries from war and are performed in government run hospitals. Increasingly popular, cosmetic surgeries are done in private hospitals and patient need to supply their own implants and even Botox.

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You can follow us on facebook, twitter and on our blog site.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read MoreNovember 11, 2010 3:31 pm - Posted by Kristy

Shapiro Plastic Surgery, MTV,  Is she really going out with him
Dr Daniel Shapiro and RJ

RJ and Brittany: Is she really going out with him?
Dating in Scottsdale can be tough, but can you imagine a date that takes you to see a plastic surgeon? RJ takes his girlfriend to Shapiro Plastic Surgery for a date. I know it sounds crazy, but this is a reality show. Will Brittanty have cosmetic surgery? You have to watch and find out …………
MTV – Weekdays @ 4/3c Starting November 1st

Inspired by the popular website Hot Chicks with Douchebags, Is She Really Going Out With Him? is a hilarious and compelling docu-format show that aims to tear down the mystery behind pop culture’s latest unexplainable phenomenon: beautiful and innocent young sweethearts who fall for self-absorbed, overly-tanned, tattoo covered douchebags.

In each episode of Is She Really Going Out With Him? we’ll closely examine one couple as our hot chick eventually leads herself towards making a fateful decision… Will she stay with her douchebag boy friend or move on to a better man?

MTV, is she really going out with him?
Visit the main page : Is she really going out with him ?

You can follow Shapiro Plastic Surgery on facebook.
You can follow Paradise Valley Skin Klinic on facebook.

Thank you for visiting Best of Both Worlds Az.
You can follow us on facebook, twitter and on our blog site.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read MoreNovember 3, 2010 7:30 pm - Posted by Kristy

skin

Answer these Questions to find out how much your habits and life style have aged your skin.

I wanted to share this quiz, compliments of Obagi Systems.

How old are you ?………………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Do you have any permanent facial brown spots or broken blood vessels ?
( If yes, add 2)……………………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Are there noticeable lines around your eyes or lips ?
( If yes, add 3)…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. _______

Do you have deep creases on forehead or cheeks ?
( If yes, add 5)……………………………………………………………………………………………………… _______

Have you or do you still tan at least twice a week ?
( If yes, with sunscreen add 5)
( If yes, without sunscreen add 10 )……………………………………………………………………….. _______

Has your face suffered at least 3 severe sunburns, complete with peeling ?
( If yes, add 5) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. _______

Do you smoke ?
( If yes, add 3) …………………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Do you drink at least 5 or more alcoholic beverages a week ?
( If yes, add 2) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… _______

Do you work out at least 3 times a week ?
( If yes, subtract 1) …………………………………………………………………………………………….. _______

Do you have at least three servings of fruit and vegetables a day ?
( If yes, subtract 1) ……………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Do you use an SPF of 15 or more daily?
( If yes, subtract 4) ……………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Do you use topical antioxidants as part of your daily routine?
( If yes, subtract 1) ……………………………………………………………………………………………. _______

Do you use prescription lotions (such as hydroquinone or tretinoin) at least once a week ?
( If yes, subtract 3 ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… _______

The total is your skin’s age. …………………………………………………………………………………… _______

Best of Both Worlds AZ will continue to educate
and share tips, for healthier, younger skin.

Thank you for visiting Best of Both Worlds Az.
You can follow us on facebook, twitter and on our blog site.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read More 5:19 pm - Posted by Kristy

skin, topical antioxidant

The use of topical antioxidants can help prevent wrinkles, reduce hyperpigmentation (sun spots), and improve skin tone. Topical antioxidants are available in many serums and moisturizer, formulations are available with a variety of antioxidants and strengths.

How Do Topical Antioxidants Work?
A free radical is any atom or molecule that is missing an electron from it’s outer shell, so it attacks an other molecule and steels an electron. The molecule that has been attacked by a free radicle, is now missing an electron and has become another free radical. This creates a chain reaction. Antioxidants stop the chain reaction, by giving an electron to the free radical.

Click to learn more about free radicals and antioxidants

Topical antioxidant stop the chain of reaction caused by free radicals. Free radicals are damaging to the skin and can accelerate extrinsic aging. Although some topical antioxidants are purely antioxidants, some have additional actions.

Topical antioxidants also help protect the skin from UV damage. Human studies have demonstrated protective effects of antioxidants when applied topically before ultraviolet radiation exposure. Antioxidants don’t work the same way that sunblocks do, so you still need a daily SPF. Sunblocks absorb or reflect out UV radiation and antioxidants neutralize the UV rays. Photoprotective topical antioxidants work by the inhibiting the UV-induced biochemical changes that lead to photoageing and DNA mutations.

Vitamin C is currently the most recognized topical antioxidant, however it works synergistically with other antioxidants such as vitamin E. There isn’t any one antioxidant that is effective on all free radicals, you need a variety of antioxidants. Each has a unique set of chemical behaviors and biological properties. Antioxidants work together as part of a network, and no single antioxidant can do the work a group. Some antioxidants may excel at fighting certain types of free radicals, or only work in certain parts of a cell. However, when it comes to topical antioxidants, there are some that are more stable and are better absorbed by the skin.

Types Of Topical Antioxidants

Vitamin C (L-ascorbic)
There are many derivatives vitamin C, however they don’t penetrate well. Look for products that contain L-ascorbic acid. Topical Vitamin C is the most popular topical antioxidant, and for good reason. In fact the benefits are so great, I will need to write an entire post devoted to topical vitamin C.

– Potent antioxidant
– Vitamin C is nessacerry to produce collagen
– Protects skin from both UVA and UVB, by neutralizing the UV rays.
– Can reduce sun – induced pigmentation, due to tyrosinase inhibitor function
– Anti- inflammatory qualities

Retinol ( Derived from Vitamin A )
– promotes healing
– promotes collagen synthesis, and inhibits cellular degeneration
– also increases epidermal thickness, and an emollient

Vitamin B3 ( Niacinamide)
– essential for cellular metabolism
– increases microcirculation

Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol)
When choosing a topical vitamin E product, look for a-tocopherol. Vitamin E derivatives such as (tocopherol acetate) are common in cosmetic ingredients, and although they are good as a moisturizing ingredient, they are not antioxidants.

– Protects cell membranes and lipid structures from free radical attack.
– Vitamin E is regenerated when it is in the presence of Vitamin C.
– Vitamin E doubled the UV protection in the skin when added to vitamin C.
– Inhibits the immunosuppression and tumorigenesis induced by ultraviolet radiation.
– Vitamin C can not scavenge lipo-philic radicals directly within the lipid phase, however vitamin C works synergistically with a- tocopherol to reduce lipid peroxide radicals.

Ferulic Acid
– a plant antioxidant
– Increases L-ascorbic acid ( vitamin C) stability.
– synergistic with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E.

Phloretin
A potent antioxidant derived from apples and root bark of fruit trees with a broad range of activity.

-Anticancer
– Anti- inflammatory
– Accelerates cell renewal
– Pigment inhibitor
– Enhances product penetration

Zinc Sulfate
– has wound healing and anti-inflammatory ability’s
– UVB protection

Bioflavonoids
Bioflavonoids are a group of substances that are potent antioxidants, many have anti-inflammatory ability and help protect from UV damage.

Centella Asiatica (Asiaticoside, Asiatic Acid, Madecassic Acid)
– promotes collagen synthesis, and inhibits cellular degeneration
– increases microcirculation

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract ( Green Tea Extract)
– protects cell from oxidative stress
– increases microcirculation in the cell

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)
-Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that is found in food and is made by the body. It is found in every cell, where it helps turn glucose into energy.
– ALA is both fat- and water-soluble.

Idebenone
Idebenone is a synthetic analog of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). CoQ10 is a vitamin-like natural compound found naturally in the body, that plays a pivotal role in the cellular energy production and as an antioxidant. Idebenone is closely related to CoQ10, however it is more water-soluble. Idebenone has been known as a pharmaceutical agent since the 1980’s, before it became popular as a skin care ingredient.

There are claims that idebenone is the most powerful topical antioxidant available, based on it’s EPF® rating. I have not been able to confirm that an “EPF” rating is an actual recognized rating, or verify the strength of antioxidants that were used in the EPF study. There are also studies that show that idebenone, offers less photoprotective value compared to topical vitamin C. I would like to find an independent study that compares L-ascorbic acid 20% to Idebenone 1%, until then it is hard to say which is truly the stronger antioxidant. Personally, I alternate between an Idebenone product and a topical vitamin C serum.

Topical Antioxidant Products

Phloretin CF, antioxidant

Skin Ceuticals Phloretin CF®
Phloretin (2%), vitamin C ( 10% L- ascorbic acid ) and ferulic acid (.5%)

C E Ferulic, antioxidant

Skin Ceuticals C E Ferulic®
Vitamin C (15% L-ascorbic acid), Vitamin E (1% alpha tocopherol), and ferulic acid (.5%)
Ferulic acid doubles the synergistic benefits of the vitamins C+E.

Skin Ceuticals
Skin Ceuticals Serum 20
Available in four concentrations of L -ascorbic acid. 20%,15%,10% and a 5% Eye gel.
All are formulated with ferulic acid to enhance antioxidant performance.

Vitamin C
Obagi C-RX- Clarifying Serum
First and only 4% hydroquinone, vitamin C ( 10% L-ascorbic acid)

Obagi CRX
Obagi Professional-C Serums
Available in four concentrations of L-ascorbic acid .
20% Highest concentration of L-ascorbic acid
15% All skin types
10% Dry, sensitive or reactive skin
5% Protection for the sensitive eye area

pro heal
Is Clinical Pro Heal Advanced Serum+
New time-released L ascorbic acid (in a 15 percent concentration) plus Copper Tripeptide Growth Factor maximize performance
Zinc Sulfate, Vitamin E ( Alpha Tocopherol), Retinol, Soluble Bioflavonoids
Olea Europea (olive leaf extract)- Synergistic with vitamins C and E, also antibiotic, anti-acneic, anti-inflammatory.
Mushroom Extract (a source of Kojic acid) – natural lightening to even pigment, antibacterial
Arbutin – corrects abnormal pigmentation by inhibiting tyrosinase enzyme.

super serum
IS Clinical Super Serum Advance+
New time-released L ascorbic acid (in a 15 percent concentration) plus Copper Tripeptide Growth Factor maximize performance.
Zinc Sulfate, Centella Asiatica
Pentapeptide Amino Acids – protein building blocks, increases cellular metabolism and integrity.
Mushroom Extract (a source of Kojic acid) – natural lightening to even pigment, antibacterial

prevage md antioxidant
Prevage MD (Idebenone 1% )
Prevage MD, is only available from a physician, and is (.1% Idebenone) compared to Prevage that is only (.05% idebenone)

Thank you for visiting Best of Both Worlds Az.
You can follow us on facebook, twitter and on our blog site.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read MoreNovember 2, 2010 9:14 pm - Posted by Kristy

oxidized apple

Understanding Free Radicles

What is a free radical?
A free radical is any atom or molecule that is missing an electron from it’s outer shell, making it unstable. Free radicals float around until they stabilize. They stabilize by attacking an other molecule and steeling an electron. There are a wide variety of molecules from which they can steal an electron. The molecule that has been attacked by a free radicle, is now missing an electron and has become another free radical. This creates a chain reaction.
free radicals

Free radicals are a necessary part of life.
Oxidation reactions are necessary part of life, unfortunately they can also be damaging. Our body produces free radicals almost constantly. Free radicals are by-products of a basic metabolic process called oxidation. Immune cells will also release free radicals in order to fight invading viruses and bacteria in, making them an important part of the body’s defenses.

Environmental sources of free radicals
The second source of free radicals is the environment. Free radicals from your environment can be ingested, inhaled or absorbed into the body. Air pollution, tobacco smoke, herbicides, and pesticides all form free radicals. UV rays, from sun exposure are also a cause of free radicals.

Whats the damage?
Damage caused by free radicals include aging, destruction of DNA and clogging of arteries. It is also believed that free radicles may play a role in cancer, strokes, and heart disease. Oxidative stress may also damage or kill cells. Free radicals cause damage to your skin’s structural support and decrease its elasticity, resilience, and suppleness.

Free Radical Theory of aging
The free-radical theory of aging (FRTA) states that organisms age because cells accumulate free radical damage over time. There is evidence that reducing oxidative damage can extend life span. Dr. Denham Harmon, M.D., Ph.D., first proposed a theory of aging in the 1950’s, it is now considered a major theory of aging. Dr. Harmon’s theory also implies that antioxidants will slow the aging process.

Understanding Antioxidants

What is an antioxidant.
Antioxidants stop the chain reactions of free radical, and inhibit other oxidation reactions. An antioxidant is a molecule capable of inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules.
Antioxidants have an extra electron, so they can their extra electron to a free radical. When antioxidants donate an electron to a free radical, they neutralize that free radical.
antioxidant, free radicle

Exogenous and Endogenous
Endogenous antioxidants are made by the body, compared to Exogenous antioxidants which are obtained from our diet. Unfortunately, as we age the body produces less endogenous antioxidants. It is believed that the decrease in endogenous antioxidants leads to premature aging. The body is incapable of producing enough endogenous antioxidants to combat free radicals on their own, so it is essential to get additional antioxidants through diet.

The body makes five types of endogenous antioxidants:
superoxide dismatuse (SOD), alpha lipoic acid (ALA), coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), catalase and glutathione peroxidase. Catalase and glutathione peroxidase are important, because the body can produce more of them when certain free radicals are present.

ORAC scale
Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) is a method of measuring antioxidant capacities of food.However, because the ORAC method is derived only in test tube experiments it cannot be applied to human biology. Currently there aren’t any food compounds other than, antioxidant vitamins (vitamins A, C and E ) that have been proven with antioxidant efficacy in vivo. Antioxidant from non-nutrient compounds in foods, such as polyphenols, which have high antioxidant capacity in vitro can provide an artificial index of antioxidant strength with the ORAC measurement. Many of these ORAC values remain unconfirmed and are not scientifically credible, and may mislead consumers. The FDA has published guidance disallowing food product labels to claim an antioxidant benefit, when no evidence currently exists. Numerous health food and beverage companies have promoted products claimed to be “high in ORAC”.
ORAC, antioxidants

Is more, better?
Researchers are still learning about the effects of an excessively high intake of antioxidants, some studies are showing that excessive amounts may have negative effects, like inhibiting key enzymes in the body.

You need a variety of antioxidants.
Any molecule that protects your cells against oxidation is technically an antioxidant, but not all antioxidants operate the same way. Antioxidants are not interchangeable, each has a unique set of chemical behaviors and biological properties. Antioxidants work together as part of a network, and no single antioxidant can do the work a group. Some antioxidants may excel at fighting certain types of free radicals, or only work in certain parts of a cell. There are even some that are only effective under the right conditions. Antioxidant diversity is important.

Sources of Antioxidants

All plants produce antioxidants. Even meat, dairy products, and eggs contain some antioxidants, which mainly come from the nutrient-rich plants the animals fed on. Plants and animals maintain complex systems of multiple types of antioxidants, such as glutathione, vitamin C, and vitamin E as well as enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and various peroxidases.

Antioxidant enzymes made by the body:
superoxide dismutase (SOD)
catalase
glutathione peroxidas
Vitamin-like Antioxidants:
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and Glutathione

Vitamin A and Carotenoids
Carrots, squash, broccoli, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, kale, collards, cantaloupe, peaches and apricots (bright-colored fruits and vegetables)
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits like oranges and lime etc, green peppers, broccoli, green leafy vegetables, strawberries and tomatoes
Vitamin E
Nuts & seeds, whole grains, green leafy vegetables, vegetable oil and liver oil

Selenium
Fish, shellfish, red meat, grains, eggs, chicken and garlic

Flavonoids / polyphenols
soy, red wine, purple or Concord grapes, pomegranate, cranberries, tea

Lycopene
Tomato, tomato products, pink grapefruit, watermelon

Lutein
dark green vegetables such as kale, broccoli, kiwi, brussels sprout and spinach

Lignan
flax seed, oatmeal, barley, rye

My Conclusion

My conclusion is simple:
– Eat a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables.
– Don’t depend on any single “super” antioxidants, a variety of antioxidants are needed.
– Just because you read that red wine, tea or chocolate is high in antioxidants, you don’t want to depend on them as your main source of antioxidants. Remember currently only antioxidants from food compounds with vitamins (vitamins A, C and E ) have been proven with antioxidant efficacy in vivo.
– Avoid environmental factors that produce free radicals.

Thank you for visiting Best of Both Worlds Az.
You can follow us on facebook, twitter and on our blog site.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read MoreNovember 1, 2010 10:09 pm - Posted by Kristy

MAC lipglass, lip gloss, viva Glam V
MAC Lipglass Lip Gloss $14.50
Viva Glam V
Neutral pink with pearl
High gloss, glass-like finish or a subtle sheen

Ooops
I spotted this beautiful gloss at the MAC counter, and had to have it. When I got home I realized, I already had this exact gloss already. ( Am I the only one that has done this? ) I guess, that proves how much I like it. It is such a great everyday color. The best thing about this color, is that it works with everything. It’s an ideal shade, if you are playing up the eyes, and you don’t wan’t to do a dark or bright lip. Viva Glam V is neutral, but not boring or “muddy”. This works well on it’s own, or over a lipstick. I am including a few lip products that I pair with this gloss.

P.S.
M.A.C ‘s Viva Glam Lipgloss and Lipsticks, don’t just look nice they support a good cause!
Every cent of the selling price of Viva Glam Lip Stick and Lip Gloss is donated to the M.A.C. AIDS fund, to support men, women and children living with HIV and AIDS.

Mac Viva Glam V
MAC – Lip Stick $14.50
Viva Glam V
Neutral pink with pearl (Lustre)

MAC lipstick, cherish, satin
MAC Lipstick $14.50
Cherish
Soft muted peachy-beige (Satin)

Mac lip liner
MAC – Lip Liner $14.50
Cream O’ Spice
Creamy neutral beige
A creamy, highly pigmented, retractable lip liner. Lightweight and smooth.

What is your favorite lip product ?

Thank You for visiting Best of Both Worlds Az
You can follow us on our blog site, facebook, and twitter.
www.bestofbothworldsaz.com

Read More 12:48 am - Posted by Kristy