Posts Tagged ‘exfoliation’
Microdermabrasion is a form of mechanical exfoliation or micro-resurfacing, that utilizes a specific mechanical medium to gently abrade the top most layer of skin along with adjustable suction. There are many mechanical mediums used for microdermabrasion including: Aluminium Oxide Crystals, Sodium Bicarbonate Crystals, Sodium Chloride Crystals, Bristle tips, natural and synthetic Diamond Tips. DiamondTome is a natural, non-partical form of microdermabrasion that utilizes natural diamond chips at various levels of coarseness attached to the tip of a wand.
DiamondTome eliminates the powders and crystals, by using the polishing action of diamond chips and the cleaning action of controlled vacuum. This non-particle form of microdermabrasion offers a clean controlled procedure.
When you have a Microdermabrasion facial treatment at Paradise Valley Skin Klinic, you will enjoy the added benefits of full custom facial and dermaplaning. The microdermabrasion procedure removes the top most layer of skin by gently exfoliating the skin with natural diamond chips while at the same time vacuuming the dead skin cells away, in a sterile and controlled manner. This exfoliation promotes the growth of healthy new skin cells. You will immediately experience cleaner, softer and smoother skin after with each treatment.
Paradise Valley Skin Klinic also offers Microdermabrasion with Sodium Bicarbonate Crystals
Why do I need Microdermabrasion?
Our skin is constanly growing, similar to our hair and nails. The normal cycle of skin cell turn over is about six weeks. This means that a new skin cell is produced, and slowly moves to the surface of the skin (stratum corneum), then is naturally sloughed or exfoliated off and replaced by a new skin cell. As the skin ages the process of skin cell turn over slows down and dead skin cells build up on the surface of the skin. As the stratum corneum becomes thick with a build up of dead skin cells, this skin will have a rough dull appearance and texture. Pigmented skin cells also becomes more dense causing hyperpigmentation, such as melasma, freckles, sun spots or any skin discoloration to look worse. Dead skin cells can also build up in the pore contributing to blackheads, whiteheads and acne breakouts.
When the skin is exfoliated with microdermabrasion the dead skin cells are immediately removed from the surface of the skin, and the fibroblast is stimulated to produce collagen. Exfoliation is a way of speeding up the process of skin cell turnover. Removing dead skin cells from the skins surface will allow for better penetration of topical skin care products, you can actually double the effectiveness of your products. Exfoliating the skin will also reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, fine lines, superficial scars and help combat acne.
Is there any discomfort or downtime?
No. Microdermabrasion with the DiamondTome is very comfortable, most people actually enjoy the way it feels. Microdermabrasion feels similar to the “scratchy” surface of a cats tongue, along with mild suction. One advantage to microdermabrasion is there isn’t any down time. You can have a microdermabrasion on your lunch break, reapply makeup and return to work.
What are the limitations of microdermabrasion?
Unfortunately, there are some exaggerated claims to microdermabrasion benefits. It’s important to have a realistic expectation for skin treatments. Microdermabrasion is a fairly superficial form of exfoliation compared to chemical peels and laser resurfacing. Each technique has unique benefits and has a special place in skin care. Microdermabrasion is intended to exfoliate the skin without downtime or discomfort. Treatments can be done on a regular basis to maintain the skin and performed between other skin treatments to expedite and enhance results.
There are limits to microdermabrasion, it does not reach skin below the stratum corneum, even if done once a week it will not have an effect on the deeper layers of skin. It is necessary to reach skin cells at deeper layers to treat many skin conditions, for this reason microdermabrasion can not be used to replace laser resurfacing procedures or chemical peels.
Microdermabrasion alone will not eliminate hyperpigmentation. Exfoliation will remove the dense layers of dead skin cells on the skins surface, by removing these layers, pigmentation will be less dense and the appearance of skin discolorations will be reduced. The discoloration is still there it just appears lighter because it is less dense. As the skin continue’s to “grow” and as the stratum corneum builds back up, the pigmentation will return. Your skin care professional can help you select topical agents to help better treat skin discolorations.
Can I get the same results with Microdermabrasion products at home
No, these products generly use crystals similar to those used in Microdermabrasion treatments. They are basiclly facial scrubs, and don’t exfoliate skin to the same level of a Profesional Microdermabrasion treatment. Proffesional treatments use equipment that allow for controll of the negetive pressure or suction used as well as the release of abrading crystals or the abrasiveness of wand. The technique used also plays a role in the effectiveness of treatment.
Tretinoin ( retinoic acid) is the acid form of vitamin A and is available as a cream or gel (brand names Retin-A, Renova, Aberela, Airol, Atralin, Avita, or Stieva-A). Tretinoin was FDA approved as a topical medication in 1971. Tretinoin treats acne, minimizes pores and reduces oiliness. The anti-aging benefits of tretinoin include, reducing appearance of fine lines and skin discoloration.
Tretinoin promotes detachment of cornified cells and the enhanced shedding of corneocytes from the follicle. Tretinoin also increases the turnover rate of thin, loosely-adherent corneocytes. By making keratin softer and more gelatinous, the stratum corneum becomes soft and compact. Tretinoin suppresses the melanocytes, this is why it is often used when treating skin discoloration.
Tretinoin stimulating fibroblast.
It is believed that tretinoin stimulates the fibroblast. Some studies suggest that tretinoin can help firm the skin by stimulating fibroblast activity. Fibroblasts produce collagen, elastic fibers, and the ground substance of the dermis. With age fibroblasts become smaller and less active.
Tretinoin enhances the skin healing process.
Studies show that topical use of tretinoin before chemical peels, enhanced healing. There is more epidermal regeneration and collagen regeneration appears to be faster when skin was pre treated with tretinoin.
Tretinoin makes my skin peel and it feels tight and dry.
Initially, tretinoin dehydrates the skin the outer surface of the skin ( stratum corneum ), causing a rapid exfoliation. The good news is, tretinoin repairs the damaged keratinocytes, increases mitosis, and restores proper hydration. With time your skin builds up tolerance and reactions subside.
Does tretinoin thin the skin?
I have heard people say, “don’t use tretinoin it thins the skin”. I think there is some confusion, about what part of the skin is thinning and if that is a good or bad thing.
Tretinoin works by thinning the outermost layer of the skin (stratum corneum), while cells in the epidermis are stimulated to produce a thicker epidermis layer. Collagen production and cellular growth in the dermis layer also increases. Although it is true that tretinoin does thin the stratum corneum, it actually makes other layers of the skin thicker. Thinning the stratum corneum isn’t exactly a bad thing. With age the statum corneum can become thick and dehydrated causing the appearance of fine lines and rough, sallow skin.
Epidermis Stratum corneum, outermost layer with dead keratinocytes being exfoliated off.
Is retinol the same as Retin-A ( tretinoin)?
Many people confuse retinol with Retin-A (tretinoin). Retinol and retinoic acid (tretinoin) are related but distinctly different. Retinol, retinal and retinyl palmitate, do not have the same effect on the skin as tretinoin/ retinoic acid. They first need to be converted by special enzymes into the active metabolite, retinoic acid. Unfortunately , the conversion rate is low and varies among individuals. The other problem is that when retinols are exposed to air, they can become oxidized and degraded. There are some companies that have produced retinol formulas that are more stabilized.
Tretinoin vs AHA’s
Tretinoin causes a rapid coarse exfoliation, which is the shedding of attached group of cells. AHA’s cause shedding of individual cells. The action of AHA’s is extracellular, compared to the intracellular action of tretinoin. The intracellular action of tretinoin works goes into the dermis and stimulates the fibroblast. The effects of tretinoin can last up to four months even after product has been discontinued, in contrast to the short lasting smoothing effects of AHAs.
Tretinoin is a drug.
Tretinoin is a drug and should be used only as prescribed. There are certain contraindications for using Tretinoin, including pregnancy and nursing. You should not wax skin that has been treated with tretinoin and some skin treatments are not recommended while using tretinoin. Be sure to discuss possible contraindications with your skin professional.
*You should never purchase Tretinoin or any other prescribed drug on line.
Skin Medica’s Vitalize Peel has been a popular skin treatment for many years, however you may not be familar with Skin Medica’s newer Illuminize and Rejuvenize Peels.
SkinMedica Rejuvenize Peel™ launched in October 2009.
Level of Skin Medica Chemical Peels
Illumenize Peel, Very Superfical with little to no peeling
Vitalize Peel, Superficial with 2-3 days peeling
Rejuvenize Peel, Superficial with 2-5 days peeling
Rejuvenize Peel™ is a blend of Salicylic Acid, Lactic Acid, Resorcinol, Panthenol and Isoceteth-20 with the addition of .3% Retinoic Acid. Deeper than SkinMedica Vitalize Peel®, Rejuvenize Peel™ produces a moderate amount of peeling for 2-5 days, and can be repeated every 4-6 weeks.
Rejuvenize Peel is an advanced formulation of peeling agents, with a built-in anti-irritant and penetration enhancer that provides controlled exfoliation of the uppermost damaged layers of the skin to reveal fresher and healthier skin. Provides predictable results with minimal down time.
Effective for use on skin with sun damage, melasma, pigmentary changes and acne scarring
Noticeable improvement with just one peel
Recommended for Skin types I-VI
Well tolerated with minimal “down time”
Isoceteth-20, creates more uniform peeling while controlling penetration of salicylic acid, and reduceing skin irritation associated with the stronger chemical peels without diminishing peeling effect
A recent clinical study of female subjects, aged 23-62 years, with mild to moderate facial photoaging, melasma, hyperpigmentation, or mild acne receiving three consecutive peels (once every four weeks) discovered the following results:
80% felt it improved evenness of skin tone and appearance of age spots and pigmentation
85% felt it made skin look healthier and more youthful
90% felt it improved smoothness of skin
90% felt it improved overall condition of skin
Blend of Salicyclic Acid, Resorcinol, Lactic Acid, Panthenol, Isoceteth-20 and Retinoic acid.
Addresses various skin conditions, such as acne, pigmentation abnormalities, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, and photodamage
Effective (achieve visible improvement after one treatment, significant results after a series of treatments)
Can be customized for the treatment of each specific condition
May be performed on Skin types I- VI
Little or no or down time
Peeling solution combined with Retinoic acid creates more exfoliation than other chemical peels same depth
Well tolerated (minimum or no burning)
This non-invasive very superficial chemical peel utilizes a novel approach to chemical peeling with a newer generation of alpha-hydroxy acids (mandelic acid and malic acid) in combination with phytic acid and commonly used peeling agents (salicylic acid and resorcinol) to maximize skin rejuvenating effects with low irritation.
Increase skin glow and radiance
Tightens the skin and restores a more youthful appearance
Improves clarity, color and skin texture
Patients achieve enhancement of skin appearance with minimal downtime and discomfort
Appropriate for first-time chemical peel patients or patients looking for a gentle, very superficial peel
May be performed on Skin types I- VI
Little or no visible peeling
Paradise Valley Skin Klinic offers all of the Skin Medica Peels as well as Skin Medica products.
Call to schedule a treatment or consultation. 480 421-1701
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