Posts Tagged ‘eyes’
The eyelids are one of the most common places for skin cancer and the first place we see the signs of aging. Skin cancer in this area is especially dangerous and hard to detect. Luckily, there are products that can protect the delicate skin around the eye.
The eyelids are very susceptible to skin cancer and the aging effects of UV exposure. About 10% of skin cancers occur on the eyelids, which is kind of shocking when you consider that the face/head accounts for less than 5% of the total body surface area. There are many additional concerning factors regarding skin cancers on the eyelid. There is a significant risk for tissue damage to nearby vital ocular structures and even blindness. Tumors in this area can also spread into the nasal and orbital cavities (the area behind the eye). Let not forget that the skin of the eyelid serves to protect the eye and when that skin has to be removed we are presented with a host of issues such as preventing infection and reconstruction of the eyelid is very difficult. Early detection can be challenging because these tumors tend to grow inward toward the deeper layers of the skin and bone, before they are seen on surface of the skin. The appearance of this type of cancer varies and looks different than other types of skin cancers, making detection even more difficult. Reoccurrence of skin cancer on the eyelid is among the highest. It is important to take measures to prevent skin cancer, and become an established patient of a good dermatologist before you think you need one.
As if cancer was not enough, photo-aging of the eyelid is another concern. Photo-aging is a term used to describe sun damage and premature aging caused by UV exposure. Consider that the skin is a direct reflection of health and that sun damaged skin is not healthy skin. Photo-aging goes beyond vanity, it really is about skin that is not functioning properly or at a healthy state.Sun damaged skin will have lowered immunity against infection and impaired wound healing ability. Furthermore, UV rays age skin cells, damage DNA, break down collagen, elastin and damage pigment producing melanocytes. All of this equals unhealthy skin that is thin, lax (loose), with lines wrinkles and skin discoloration. There are products and treatments that can be done to improve these issues, but it will take time, money, and a little work.
Prevent the damage and reduce risk of cancer
The first line of defense is a broad spectrum sunscreen SPF 30 or more. The eyes and the skin around the eyes are sensitive to chemicals in sunscreen so you should look for a physical sunscreen, meaning the only two active ingredients are Titanium dioxide and Zinc oxide. I like Physical Eye UV Defense SPF 50 by Skin Ceuticals, it is a non-migrating, high protection sunscreen designed specifically for the upper and lower eyelids. This is a pure physical sunscreen that you apply like and eye cream. The formula is tinted to enhance tone, however it will nor provide coverage like a cosmetic. I like to say it’s tinted for a man. It blends right in and doesn’t settle into fine lines or make your eye area appear dry/cakey. the ceramics in it will nourish the skin, but I still recommend using your usual eye cream first then SPF.
For additional protection I recommend using a topical product with vitamin-C, every morning. While sunscreens absorb or reflect out UV radiation, antioxidants such as vitamin-C neutralize the UV rays. Photoprotective topical antioxidants work by the inhibiting the UV-induced biochemical changes that lead to photoageing and DNA mutations.
Studies show that sunglasses do help protect eyes from UV damage, however some UV light can still get to the eye area, depending on the type and style of sunglasses. Look for sunglasses with UVA/UVB protection and remember that sunglasses do not eliminate the need for sunscreen.
The Eyelids: Highly Susceptible to Skin Cancer / Skin Cancer Foundation
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The eyes are the focal pointe of the face and one of the first places we start to age. A professional chemical peel to treat the skin around the eyes, may be just what the doctor ordered.
A Medium Depth Peel will..
– Treat skin laxity, fine lines, “stretchable” wrinkles and scars.
– Improve skin texture, reducing roughness
– Treat hyper-pigmentation Brown spots and Melasma
– Tighten large pores
– Increase collagen and skin density
The skin around the eyes is thin and with age begins to show fine lines and take on a crepey texture. Treating the delicate skin around the eye can be tricky. Lasers can damage the eye, so this limits how we treat this area. Laser resurfacing can be done, if special laser eye shields are placed inside the eye. Chemical peels are another option for treating the skin around the eye, and when done by a skilled professional can be done up to the lash line.
Chemical peels that penetrate to the appropriate depth in the skin, can improve texture and tighten skin. A TCA peel that penetrates beyond the papillary dermis, just to the Immediate Reticular Dermis (IRD) will provide skin tightening effect, this is called a Medium Depth Peel. I am choosing not to mention the strength of TCA used, because I read too many horror stories online about people who attempted to do a professional peel at home. Skin care professionals are trained on how to determine where we are working in the skin, this is a medical grade peel and should be done by an experienced professional.
Aging Skin and Chemical Peel Intervention
Skin care professionals often talk about “skin cell turn over”. Skin cell turnover is the process of a new skin cell being produced, working it’s way up to the surface and replacing old skin cells which have been sloughed away. In young healthy skin this process takes about 6 weeks, however aging and sun damage slow this process. Chemical peels increase skin cell turnover, which in turn improves skin texture.
The production of growth factors, collagen, elastin and hylaraunic acid all slow with age, so the goal in anti-aging is to preserve and increase the production all of these things. Collagen is a protein that gives skin it’s volume strength and structure, while elastin is what gives skin it’s elasticity or ability to snap back. Hyaluronic acid is a key molecule involved in skin moisture, as it binds and retains water. Hyaluronic acid is also needed to bind collagen to elastin. When we do chemical peels and laser treatments that penetrate beyond the skins epidermis, we are benefitting from the skins own wound healing ability to up regulate growth factors and stimulate the production of collagen, elastin and hyluranic acid. The result is a thicker dermis, smoother surface and skin tightening.
What to expect
The day of the peel is considered day 1. On days 1 and 2 your skin looks okay, but it may look dry and slightly older. By day 3 skin begins to look dark or bronze, this will vary depending on your natural skin color, skin discolorations and depth of peel. Skin usually begins to peel on day 4 and is usually done by day 5. After the skin has peeled of it may be pink for a couple days. The healing process does vary for each person. Healthy skin will always recover more quickly with less inflammation.
During the peeling process you will need to follow the post peel instructions given to you by your skin care professional. This usually includes using a gentle cleanser, a hydrocortisone cream and mild moisturizer. An occlusive ointment such as Vasoline or Aquaphor may be recommended. It is VERY important to not pick or pull off the skin, let it peel in its own time! (seriously… don’t do it) You should also avoid sweating during the pealing phase, because it will create sweat beads under the skin that will cause it to peel of prematurely and thats bad. The skin should be protected with a totally physical sunscreen, I like Physical Eye UV Defense SPF 50 by Skin Ceuticals.
After the old skin has peeled off, it instantly looks and feels smother. The collagen production will continue to increase and the skin will continue to feel tighter. To keep the skin renewal process un regulated and functioning more similar to young skin, I usually recommend having around 4 TCA chemical peels around the eye area per year. Treatments should be scheduled over 6 weeks apart.
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The Challenge of Skin Care Products
As skin care professionals, a large part of our job involves searching for skin care products that are effective and then searching for new ways to help those products to work better. The bennefits of a product can look great on paper, but if it does not penetrate effectively then it loses a lot of the benefit. The main function of skin is to act as a barrier, meaning to keep things out. This barrier function makes it challenging to get skin care products to penetrate enough to be effective. Many topical creams merely sit on the surface of the skin before evaporating away.
While researching new ways to deliver skin medications, bioscientists made an amazing discovery—ultrasound waves uniquely increase the effectiveness of applying topical ingredients to the skin. Ultrasound waves work by creating a path to deliver key ingredients to the skin. In short ultrasound waves help create a path for better product penetration, which means skin care products will work more effectively, giving you better results.
Ultrasound itself isn’t new, we use a professional ultrasound device in our clinic for several different therapies. Until recently however, ultrasound devices were only available for use in medical offices, but now there is an ultrasound device called JeNu that can be use at home. JeNu is a home skin care device that combines the power of gentle ultrasound wave technology with effective skin care products.
It is a small hand held ultrasound wand that is used to help improve product penetration, up to 12 times better penetration. JeNu also comes with a lip and eye product that use breakthrough technology to hydrate and plumps lips as well as minimizes the appearance of crow’s feet and refines skin texture around eyes. (The lip serum is my new obsession -LOVE it!)
Aside from the amazing results I have enjoyed with my skin, I have to add that I love the sleek design. The wand is fairly small and the charger plugs directly into the wall, rather than taking up space on your counter. The JeNU Active-Youth Pro Skincare System is available exclusively thru skin professionals.
Video: How it Works
Professional Tip / Before You Start
JeNu recommends using the ultrasound wand only with JeNu products. I personally use the ultrasound with additional skin care products, as do my clients. It is important to understand that as it increases product penetration it will likely potentiate active ingredients, although this is basically the desired effect it may also increase the skins reaction to product. If you want to use your JeNu device with other products, I recommend that you first consult with a skin care professional that is familiar with both JeNu and the product you intend to use. I would advise against using it with anything very active such as Retin-A, retinol, salicylic or glycolic acid.
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